Authors: Yue Zhou, Jianzhong Wu, Guanyu Song, and Chao Long
Published in: Applied Energy Volume 278, 15 November 2020, 115671 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.115671
Date Published: 15 November 2020
As an innovative paradigm for electric power systems with a high penetration of distributed energy resources, peer-to-peer (P2P) energy trading enables direct energy trading between end customers, which is able to facilitate local power and energy balance and potentially support the operation of bulk power systems. In this paper, a framework was proposed to enable ancillary service provision from a P2P energy trading community, creating additional value for both customers in the community and power systems. Specifically, an ancillary service provision mechanism was designed along with P2P energy trading and residual balancing mechanisms to enable the power utility to obtain ancillary service from customers in a P2P energy trading community. Furthermore, the optimal bidding strategy of customers was figured out to maximize their benefits in the proposed mechanisms. Simulation studies were conducted based on a residential community in Great Britain. The results show that the proposed ancillary service mechanism can enable the power utility to obtain a significant or required amount of ancillary services of different types. The proposed mechanisms and optimal bidding strategy can achieve Pareto improvement for the revenue of each customer and result in significantly higher social welfare for the whole community. It is also revealed that increasing ancillary service prices and installation rate of electric vehicles can increase the total amount of ancillary service provision and thus bring higher revenue for the customers in the community. By contrast, increasing installation of PV systems does not necessarily increase the amount of service provision.
Keywords: Ancillary service; Demand response; Peer-to-peer energy trading; Local electricity market; Distributed energy resource; Microgrid
Insights for EnergyREV:
Ancillary service for supporting the bulk power grid can be provided from local energy systems conducting P2P energy trading with proper mechanism design. Local energy systems conducting P2P energy trading and providing ancillary service at the same time can create a triple win situation for individuals, the community and bulk power grid.